Mirror of Logos

This is a mirror of the Acts of Paul page at Logos.com, http://topics.logos.com/Acts_of_Paul

Last updated, June 23, 2011

 

 

Acts of Paul

Type: Writing
Subtype: Acts

Alternate Labels

  • Paul, Acts of

Composed of:

Episodes I-XIV in the mission of Paul. See especially Willy Rordorf, Pierre Cherix and Rodolphe Kasser’s translation in “Actes de Paul” in F. Bovon, P. Geoltran, Écrits apocryphes chrétiens, pp. 1117-1177.

Episodes and their principle witnesses:

  • I. Damascus: John Rylands Vellum
  • II.Antioch (of Syria?) – Coptic Heidelberg Papyrus (PHeid)
  • III. Iconium – PHeid, Greek miniscules
  • IV. Antioch (of Pisidia?) – PHeid, Greek miniscules
  • VI. Sidon – PHeid
  • VII. Tyre – PHeid
  • VIII. Jerusalem (?) – PHeid (Smyrna is also probable, cf. Life of Polycarp, in Lightfoot part 2, vol. 3
  • IX. Ephesus – Hamburg Papyrus bil. 1 (PHamb); Coptic Bodmer Papyrus XLI
  • X. Philippi (3 Corinthians) PHeid
  • XI. Philippi – PHeid
  • XII. Corinth – PHamb, PHeid
  • XIII. Voyage to Italy – PHamb, other papyri, PHeid
  • XIV. Martyrdom of Paul – PHamb, PHeid, miniscules, Coptic

The following episodes were transmitted independently in ancient (uncials) and medieval (miniscules) manuscripts and versions:

  • Acts of Paul and Thecla (episodes III, IV) – Over 50 manuscripts in Greek, Coptic, Latin, Syriac, and Armenian versions
  • 3 Corinthians (episode X) —a.k.a. The apocryphal correspondence between Paul and the Corinthians – Greek, Bodmer Papyrus X; Coptic (Heidelberg Papyrus), Latin, Armenian
  • Martyrdom of Paul (Episode XIV) available principally in PHamb, PHeid, and miniscules

Key Passages

Reading List

Texts and Versions

  • Boese, H. “Über eine bisher unbekannte Handschrift des Briefwechsels zwischen Paulus und den Korinthern.” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 44 (1952-53): 66-76.
  • Bruyne, D. de, “Nouveau fragments des Actes de Pierre, de Paul, de Jean, d’André, et de l’Apocalypse d’Élie.” Revue Bénédictine 25 (1908): 149-60.
  • ———. “Un nouveau manuscrit de la Troisième Lettre de Saint Paul aux Corinthiens.” Revue Bénédictine 25 (1908): 431-34.
  • ———. “Un quatrième manuscrit latin de la Correspondance apocryphe de S. Paul avec les Corinthiens.” Revue Bénédictine 45 (1933): 189-95.
  • Carrière, A., and S. Berger. “La Correspondance apocryphe de saint Paul et des Corinthiens.” Revue de Théologie et de Philosophie 24 (1891): 333-51.
  • ———. La Correspondance apocryphe de Saint Paul et des Corinthiens: ancienne version Latine et traduction du texte Arménien. Paris: Librairie Fiscbacher, 1891.
  • Conybeare, Frederick Cornwallis, ed. The Apology and Acts of Apollonius and other Monuments of Early Christianity. 49-88. London: Swan Sonnenschein; New York: MacMillan, 1894.
  • ———. The Armenian Apology and the Acts of Apollonius and Other Monuments of Early Christianity. 2d ed with an Appendix. London: Swan Sonnenschein; New York: MacMillan. 1896.
  • Crum, W. E. “New Coptic Manuscripts in the John Rylands Library.” Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 5 (1918-20): 501.
  • Gebhardt, Oscar von, ed. Passio S. Theclae virginis: Die lateinischen Übersetzungen der Acta Pauli et Theclae nebst Fragmenten, Auszügen und Beilagen. Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 7 (Neuen Folge). Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1902.
  • Lipsius, Richard Adelbert, and Maximillian Bonnet. Acta apostolorum apocrypha. Leipzig: Hermann Mendelssohn, 1891-1903; Repr. Hildenscheim: G. Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1959.
  • Leloir, Louis. “Martyre de Paul.” Pages 77-86 in Écrits Apocryphes sur les apôtres: Traduction de l’édition Arménienne de Venise. I. Pierre, Paul, André, Jacques, Jean. Turnhout: Brepols, 1986.
  • Lewis, Agnes Smith, trans. Acta Mythologica Apostolorum: transcribed from an Arabic MS in the convent of deyr-Es-Suriani, Egypt, and from MSS in the Convent of St. Catherine, on Mount Sinai. London: C. J. Clay and Sons, 1904.
  • Lewis, Agnes Smith and F. Crawford Burkitt. Pages 190-205 in Select Narratives of Holy Women: Select narratives of holy women,from the Syro-Antiochene or Sinai palimpsest as written above the old Syriac Gospels. Studia Sinaitica 9. London: C. J. Clay and Sons, 1900.
  • Lightfoot, Joseph Barber. The Apostolic Fathers. 2d ed. London: MacMillan and Co., 1889 (See Life of Polycarp).
  • Schmidt, Carl. Acta Pauli aus der Heidelberger koptischen Papyrushandschrift. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1904.
  • ———. Acta Pauli aus der Heidelberger koptischen Papyrushandschrift Nr. 1: Tafelband. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1904.
  • ———. Acta Pauli aus der Heidelberger koptischen Papyrushandschrift: Zusätze zur ersten Ausgabe Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1905.
  • Schmidt, Carl, and Wilhelm Schubart. ΠΡΑΞΕΙΣ ΠΑΥΛΟΥ: Acta Pauli nach dem Papyrus der Hamburger Staats und Universitäts-Bibliothek. Glückstadt and Hamburg: J. J. Augustin, 1936.
  • Testuz, M. Papyrus Bodmer X-Xl. X: Correspondance apocryphe des Corinthiens et de l’apôtre Paul. Xl: Onzième Odes Salomon. XlI: Fragment d’un Hymne liturgique. Cologny and Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1959.
  • Vetter, P. “Der apokryphe dritte Korintherbrief neu übersetzt und nach seiner Entstehung untersucht.” Theologische Quartalschrift 72 (1890): 610-39.
  • ———. Der apokryphe dritte Korintherbrief. Tübingen: Universitätsfestschrift, 1894.
  • Vouaux, Léon. Les Actes de Paul et ses lettres Apocryphes: Introduction, textes, traduction et commentaire. Les Apocryphes du Nouveau Testament. Paris: Librairie Letouzey et Ané, 1913.

Translations

  • Rordorf, Willy, Pierre Cherix and Rodolphe Kasser’s translation in “Actes de Paul”, in Bovon, François, and Pierre Geoltrain, eds. Écrits apocryphes chrétiens. Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, Index by J. Voicu. Saint Herblain: Gallimard, 1997.
  • Elliot, J. K. The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.
  • Erbetta, Mario. Atti e leggende: versione e commento. Gli apocrifi del Nuovo Testamento, 2d ed. Vol. 2. Mariotti: Torini, 1978.
  • James, Montague Rhodes. The Apocryphal New Testament. Oxford: Clarendon, 1924.
  • Jensen, Anne. Thekla – die Apostelin: Ein apokrypher Text neu entdeckt: Übersetzt und kommentiert. Freiburg, Basel, and Wien: Herder, 1995.
  • Moraldi, Luigi. Pages 1061-1130 in vol. 2 of Apocrifi del Nuovo Testamento. Turin: Unione Typigrafico-editrice torinese, 1971.
  • Rinck, Wilhelm F. Das Sendschreiben der Korinther an den Apostel Paulus und das dritte Sendschreiben Pauli an die Korinther, in armenischer Übersetzung erhalten, nun verdeutscht und mit einer Einleitung über die Ächtheit begleitet. Heidelberg: Winter, 1823.
  • Schneelmelcher, Wilhelm. “The Acts of Paul.” Pages 322-90 in vol. 2 of New Testament Apocrypha. Edited by Edgar Hennecke, Wilhelm Schneemelcher, and Robert McLachlan Wilson. Trans. by Robert McLachlan Wilson. Philadelphia: Westminster Press. 1963-6.
  • ———. “The Acts of Paul,” Pages 213-70 in vol. 2 of New Testament Apocrypha. Edited by Edgar Hennecke, Wilhelm Schneemelcher, and Robert McLachlan Wilson. Trans. by R. McL. Wilson. Rev. ed. James Clarke & Co.: Cambridge; Philadelphia: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1992.
  • ———. “Paulusakten.” Pages 221-70 in vol. 2 of Neutestamentliche Apokryphen in Verbindung mit Fachgelehrten in deutscher und mit Einleitungen. Edited by Edgar Hennecke and Wilhelm Schneelmelcher, 3d ed. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1959-64.
  • ———. “Paulusakten,” Pages 193-243 in vol. 2 of Neutestamentliche Apokryphen in Verbindung mit Fachgelehrten in deutscher und mit Einleitungen.Edited by Edgar Hennecke and Wilhelm Schneelmelcher. 5th ed. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1987.

Studies

  • Accademia ercolanese di archeologia (Naples, Italy), Ottavio Antonio Baiardi, and Pasquale Carcani. Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano E Contorni Incise con Qualche Spiegazione. Le Antichità di Ercolano Esposte. In Napoli: Nella Regia stamperia, 1757-92.
  • Adamik, Tamás. “The Image of Simon Magus in the Christian Tradition.” Pages 52-54 in The Apocryphal Acts of Peter: Magic, Miracles, and Gnosticism. Edited by Jan N. Bremmer. Leuven: Peeters, 1998.
  • Albrecht, Ruth. Das Leben der heiligen Makrina auf dem Hintergrund der Thekla¬ Traditionen: Studien zu den Ursprüngen des weiblichen Mönchtums im 4. Jahrhundert in Kleinasien. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1986.
  • ———. “Thekla.” Page 298 in Der Neue Pauly Enzyklopädie der Antike. Edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider. Alterum Vol 12/1, Tam-Vel. Stuttgart and Weimar: J. B. Metzler, 2000.
  • Anson, John. “The Female Transvestite in Early Monasticism: The Origin and Develop¬ment of a Motif.” Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 5 (1974): 1-32.
  • Appel, Andrea. “Moglichkeiten und Grenzen für ein Amt der Frau in frühchristlichen Gemeinden am Beispiel der Pastoralbriefe und der Thekla-Akten,” in Frauen in der Geschichte, vol. 7. Edited by Werner Affeldt and Annette Kuhn, 244-56. Düsseldorf: Pädagogischer Verlag Schwann, 1986.
  • Aubineau, Michel. “Compléments au dossier de sainte Théc1e.” Analecta Bollandiana 93 (1975): 356-¬62.
  • ———. “Le panéyrique de Thècle, attribué à Jean Chrysostome (BHG 1720): la fin retrouvée d’un texte motile.” Analecta Bollandiana 93 (1975): 349-62.
  • Babcock, William S. Paul and the Legacies of Paul. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1990.
  • Barrier, Jeremy W. The Acts of Paul and Thecla: A Critical Introduction and Commentary. WUNT II/270. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009.
  • Bardy, G. “Apocryphes à tendance encratite.” Dictionnaire de Spiritualité.1 (1937): 752-65.
  • Barns, J. W. B. “Appendix II.” Pages 570-78 in The Apocryphal New Testament. Edited by Montague Rhodes James. 2d ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1953.
  • ———. “Pauline Controversies in the Post-Pauline Period.” New Testament Studies 21 (1974-75): 229-45.
  • Barrier, Jeremy W. “Tertullian and the Acts of Paul or Thecla? Readership of the Ancient Novel and the Invocation of Thecline and Pauline Authority.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SBL. Washington, D. C., November 20, 2006.
  • Bauckham, R. J. “The Acts of Paul as a Sequel to Acts.” Pages 105-52 in The Book of Acts in Its Ancient Literary Setting, Edited by B. W. Winter and A. D. Clarke. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans; Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1993.
  • Baumstark, Anton. Review of PRAXEIS PAULOU. Acta Pauli. Nach dem Papyrus der Hamburger Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek. Edited by Carl * Schmidt in collaboration with Wilhelm Schubart. Glückstadt and Hamburg: J. J. Augustin, 1936. Oriens Christianus 34 (1937): 122-26.
  • ———. Die Petrus- und Paulusacten in der litterarischen Ueberlieferung der syrischen Kirche. Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz, 1902.
  • Bell, H. I. Review of PRAXEIS PAULOU. Acta Pauli. Nach dem Papyrus der Hamburger Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek.. Edited by Carl Schmidt in collaboration with Wilhelm Schubart. Glückstadt and Hamburg: J. J. Augustin, 1936. Journal of Theological Studies 38 (1937): 189-91.
  • Blumenthal, M. Formen und Motive in den apokryphen Apostelgeschichten. Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 48.1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1933.
  • Boer, Martinus C. de. “Images of Paul in the Post-Apostolic Period.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 42 (1980): 359-80.
  • Boughton, L. C. “From Pious Legend to Feminist Fantasy: Distinguishing Hagiographical License from Apostolic Practice in the Acts of Paul/Acts of Thecla.” Journal of Religion 71 (1991): 362-83.
  • Bovon, François. “A New Citation of the Acts of Paul in Origen,” Pages 267-70 in Studies in Early Christianity. Edited by Jör Frey. Wissenchaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 161. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 2003.
  • ———. “Une nouvelle citation des Actes de Paul chez Origène.” Apocrypha 5 (1994): 113-¬17.
  • Bovon, François, Ann Graham Brock, and Christopher R. Matthews. The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: Harvard Divinity School Studies. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1999.
  • Bovon, François, Michel van Esbroeck, Richard Goulet, Eric Junod, Jean-Daniel Kaestli, Françoise Morard, Gérard Poupon, Jean-Marc Prieur, and Yves Tissot. Les Actes apocryphes des Apôtres. Christianisme et monde païen. Publication de la faculté de théologie de l’Université de Genève. Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1981
  • Bowie, Ewen. “The Readership of Greek Novels in the Ancient World.” Pages 435-59 in The Novel in the Ancient World. Edited by Gareth L. Schmeling. rev. ed. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
  • Bratke, Eduard. “Ein zweiter lateinischer Text des apokryphen Briefwechsels zwischen dem Apostel Paulus und den Korinthem.” Theologische Literaturzeitung 17 (1892): 585-88.
  • Bremmer, Jan, N., ed. The Apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla. Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1996.
  • ———. “Aspects of the Acts of Peter: Women, Magic, Place, and Date.” Pages 1-20 in The Apocryphal Acts of Peter: Magic, Miracles, and Gnosticism. Edited by Jan N. Bremmer. Leuven: Peeters, 1998.
  • Brooten, Bernadette J. “Early Christian Women in their Cultural Context: Issues of Method in Historical Reconstruction.” Pages 65-91 in Feminist Perspectives on Biblical Scholarship. Edited by Adela Yarbro Collins. Chico, Ca.: Scholars Press, 1985.
  • Brock, Ann Graham. “Genre of the Acts of Paul.” Apocrypha 5 (1994): 119-36.
  • ———. “Political Authority and Cultural Accomodation: Social Diversity in the Acts of Paul and the Acts of Peter.” Pages 145-70 in The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: Harvard Divinity School Studies. Edited by François Bovon, Ann Graham Brock, and Christopher R. Matthews. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1999.
  • Burrus, Virginia. “Chastity as Autonomy: Women in the Stories of the Apocryphal Acts.” Pages 101-17 in Semeia 38: The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986.
  • ———. Chastity as Autonomy. Women in the Stories of Apocryphal Acts. Queenston, Ont.: Mellen, 1987.
  • Calef, Susan A. “Thecla ‘Tried and True’ and the Inversion of Romance,” Pages 163-85 in A Feminist Companion to the New Testament Apocrypha. Edited by Amy-Jill Levine with Maria Mayo Robbins. Feminist Companion to the New Testament and Early Christian Writings, 11. Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press, 2006.
  • Carlé, Birte. Thekla: en kvindeskikkelse i tidlig kristen fortællekunst. Copenhagen: Delta, 1980.
  • Cartlidge, David R. and J. Keith Elliott. “Paul, Thecla, and Peter.” Pages 134-71in Art and the Christian Apocrypha. London and New York: Routledge, 2001.
  • Chadwick, Henry. “Enkrateia,” Pages 5:343-65 in RAC. Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1962.
  • Ciarallo, Annamaria. Gardens of Pompeii. Trans. by Lori-Ann Touchette. Rome: “L’erma” di Bretscheider, 2001.
  • Clemen, Carl. “Miszellen zu den Paulusakten.” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 5 (1904): 228-47.
  • Corssen, Peter. “Die Urgestalt des Paulusakten.” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 4 (1903): 22-47.
  • ———. Review of Acta Pauli aus der Heidelberger Koptischen papyrushandschrift Nr. 1. Leipzig: J. C. Heinrichs, 1905. Reprint, Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1965. Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen 156 (1904): 702ff.
  • Crum, W. E. “Der Schluss der Paulusakten.” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 6 (1905): 317-38.
  • Dagron, Gilbert in collaboration with Marie Dupré La Tour. Vie et miracles de sainte Thècle: texte grec, traduction et commentaire. Subsidia Hagiographica 62. Brussels: Societe des Bollandistes, 1978.
  • Dassmann, Ernst. Der Stachel im Fleisch: Paulus in der frühchristlichen Literatur bis Irenaus. Münster: Aschendorff, 1979.
  • Davies, Stevan L. The Revolt of the Widows: The Social World of the Apocryphal Acts. London: Feffer & Simons. 1980.
  • ———. “The Social World of the Apocryphal Acts.” Ph.D. diss., Temple University, 1978.
  • ———. “Women, Tertullian and the Acts of Paul.” Pages 139-43 in Semeia 38: The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986.
  • Deeleman, C. F. M., “Acta Pauli.” Theological Studies 26 (1908): 1-44.
  • ———. “Acta Pauli et Theclae.” Theological Studies 26 (1908): 273-301.
  • ———. “De apocriefe briefwisseling tusschen Paulus en de Cointhiërs.” Theological Studies 27 (1909): 37-56.
  • Devos, P. “Actes de Thomas et Actes de Paul.” Analecta Bollandiana 69 (1951): 119-30.
  • Drijvers, H. J. W. “Der getaufte Löwe und die Theologie der Acta Pauli.” Pages 181-89 in Carl Schmidt Kolloquium an der Martin Luther Universität 1988. Edited by Peter Nagel. Kongress und Tagungsberichte der Martin Luther Universität, Halle-Wittenberg, Halle: Abt. Wissenschaftspublizistik der Martin-Luther-Universität, 1990.
  • Dunn, Peter W. “The Acts of Paul and the Pauline Legacy in the Second Century.” Ph.D. diss., University of Cambridge, 1996.
  • ———. “Women’s Liberation, the Acts of Paul, and Other Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: A Review of Some Recent Interpreters.” Apocrypha 4 (1993): 245-61.
  • ———. “Testing Pauline Pseudonymity: 3 Corinthians and the Pastoral Epistles Compared“, (pdf) Proceedings: Eastern Great Lakes and Midwest Biblical Societies (2000), 63-68.
  • ———. “The charistmatic gifts in the Acts of Paul: second century trends”, in the Conference Papers for the 29th Annual Meeting of the Society for Pentecostal Studies, Northwest College, Kirkland, 2000.
  • ———. “The influence of 1 Corinthians on the Acts of Paul“, Society of Biblical Literature 1996 Seminar Papers (Atlanta: Scholars Press), 438-454, with minor corrections.
  • ———. “Les Actes de Paul et l’héritage paulinien“, paper presented at the annual meeting of AELAC, Dole, France, 1994.
  • Ebner, Martin. Aus Liebe zu Paulus? Die Akten Thekla neu aufgerollt. Stuttgart: Verlag Katholisches Biblelwerk, 2005.
  • Eggers, Brigitte. “Women and Marriage in the Greek Novels: The Boundaries of Romance.” Pages 260-79 in The Novel in the Ancient World. Edited by Gareth L. Schmeling. rev. ed. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
  • Elanskaya, A. I. “Passio Pauli in the Coptic Ms. GMII I.Ib.686.” Pages 19-37 in Mélanges Antoine Guillaumont: contributions à l’étude des christianismes orientaux: avec une bibliographie du dédicataire. Cahiers d’orientalisme 20. Genève: Patrick Cramer, 1988.
  • Elliot, J. K. “The Apocryphal Acts.” Expository Times 105 (1993-94): 71-77.
  • ———. Review of Écrits apocryphes chrétiens. Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, eds. François Bovon and Pierre Geoltrain, Index by J. Voicu. Saint Herblain: Gallimard, 1997. NovT 40.3 (1998): 300-06.
  • Evans, Elizabeth Cornelia. “The Study of Physiognomy in the Second Century A.D.” Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 72 (1941): 96-108.
  • ———. Physiognomics in the Ancient World. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 59.5. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1969.
  • Fabricius, Johann Albert. Codex Apocryphus Novi Tesamenti. Hamburg: B. Schiller, 1703.
  • ———. Codex Apocryphus Novi Tesamenti: Collectus, castigatus, testimoniisque, censuris & animadversionibus illustratus à Johanne Alberto Fabricio. 2d ed. 3 vols. Hamburg: B. Schiller & Joh. Christoph. Kisneri, 1719-43.
  • Festugière, A. J. “Les énigmes de Ste Thècle.” Comptes rendus (1968): 52-63.
  • Findlay, Adam Fyfe. Byways in Early Christian Literature: Studies in the Uncanonical Gospels and Acts. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1923.
  • Gallagher, Eugene, “Conversion and Salvation in the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles.” The Second Century 8 (1991): 13-29.
  • García, A López. “P. Lit. Palau Rib. 18: Martyrium Pauli 1.18-22.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 110 (1996): 132.
  • Geerard, Mauritii, ed. “Acta Pauli.” Pages 117-26 in Clavis Apocryphum Novi Testamenti. Corpus Christianorum. Turnhout: Brepols, 1992.
  • Gilhus, Ingvild Sælid. Animals, Gods, and Humans: Changing Attitues to Animals in Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Ideas. New York: Routledge, 2006.
  • Goodspeed, Edgar Johnson. “The Book of Thekla.” American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 17 (1901): 65-95.
  • ———.” The Epistle of Pelagia.” American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 20 (1904): 95-105.
  • ———. The Book of Thekla. University of Chicago Historical and Linguistic Studies in Literature related to the New Testament, i. Ethiopic Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1901.
  • Grabe, Johann Ernest. Spicilegium SS. Patrum ut et Hæreticorum: Seculi post Christum natum I. II. & III. quorum vel integra monumenta, vel fragmenta, partim ex aliorum patrum libris jam impressis collegit, & cum codicibus manuscriptis contulit, partim ex MSS. nunc pr mum edidit, ac singula tam præfatione, quàm notis subjunctis illustravit : tomus I. sive seculum I. 2d ed. Oxoniæ: E Theatro Sheldoniano, 1700.
  • Grant, Robert M. “The Description of Paul in the Acts of Paul and Thecla.” Vigiliae christianae 36 (1982): 1-4.
  • Grenfell, Bernard P., and Arthur S. Hunt, eds. and trans. “VI. Acts of Paul and Thecla.” Pages 9-10 in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1898.
  • ———. “1602. Homily to Monks.” Pages 23-25 in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Part 13. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1919.
  • Gronewald, M. “Einige Fackelmann-Papyri.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 28 (1978): 274-75.
  • Gryson, Roger. The Ministry of Women in the Early Church. Trans. Jean Laprote and Mary Louise Hall. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1976.
  • Guidi, Ignazio. “Frammenti copti.”Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei. Rendiconti. 4 (1887): 65-67.
  • ———. “Gli atti apocrifi degli Apostoli nei test copti, arabi ed etiopici.” Giornale della Società Asiatica Italiana 2 (1888): 36-7.
  • Guthrie, Donald. “Acts and Epistles in Apocryphal Writings.” Pages 328-45 in Apostolic History and the Gospel: Biblical and Historical Essays Presented to F. F. Bruce on His 60th Birthday. Edited by W. Ward Gasque and Ralph P. Martin. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1970.
  • Gutschmid, Alfred von. “Die Königsnamen in den apokryphen Apostelgeschichten. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des geschichtlichen Romans.” Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 19 (1864): 161-83.
  • Guzzo, Pier Giovanni. Pompeii: Tales from an Eruption. Milan: Mondadori Electra, 2007.
  • Gwynn, J. “Thecla.” Pages 882-96 in vol. 4 of Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines: being a continuation of “The dictionary of the Bible”. Edited by William George Smith and Henry Wace. London: J. Murray, 1877-87.
  • Haenchen, Ernst. The Acts of the Apostles: A Commentary. Trans. Bernard Noble, Gerald Shinn, and R. McL. Wilson. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971.
  • Hägg, Tomas. The Novel in Antiquity. Berkeley and Los Angeles: U of Cal P, 1983.
  • Halkin, François. “La légende crétoise de saint Tite.” Analecta Bollandiana 79 (1961): 241-56.
  • Hamman, A. “‘Sitz im Leben’ des actes apocryphes du Nouveau Testament.” StPatr. Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 93, Vol. 8. Berlin: Academie-Verlag., 1962).
  • Harnack, Adolf von, ed. “der Korintherbrief.” Pages 6-23 in Apocrypha IV: Die apokryphen Briefe des Paulus an die Laodicener und Korinther. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1931.
  • ———. Drei wenig beachtete Cyprianische Schriften und die ‘Acta Pauli.’ Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 4.3b. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1899.
  • ———. “Paulus, Apostel, angeblicher Brief an die Korinther als Antwort auf ein angebliches Schreiben der Korinther an ihn.” Pages 37-39 in Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur bis Eusebius. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1893.
  • ———. “V. Zu den Paulusakten,” Pages 100-06 in Die Pfaff’schen Irenäus-Fragmente als fälschungen Pfaffs Nachgewiesen. Miszellen zu den Apostolischen Vätern, den Acta Pauli, Apelles, dem Muratorischen Fragment, den pseudo¬cyprianischen Schriften und Claudianus Marmertus. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1900.
  • ———. “Untersuchungen über den apokryphen Briefwechsel der Korinther mit dem Apostel Paulus.” Sitzungsberichte der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 1 (1905): 3-35.
  • Heimgartner, Martin “Paulusakten.” Pages 441-42 in vol. 9 of DNP. Edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider. Stuttgart and Weimar: J. B. Metzler, 2000.
  • Hills, Julian V. “The Acts of the Apostles in the Acts of Paul,” Pages 1-47 in SBL Seminar Papers, 1994. Edited by E. H. Lovering, Jr. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994.
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  • Rordorf, Willy, in collaboration with Pierre Cherix and Rudophe Kasser. “Actes de Paul.” Pages 1115-77 in vol. 1 of Écrits apocryphes chrétiens. Edited by François Bovon and Pierre Geoltrain with an Index by J. Voicu. Bibliothèque de la Pléiade. Saint Herblain: Gallimard, 1997.
  • Sanders, H. A. “A Fragment of the Acta Pauli in the Michigan Collection.” Harvard Theological Review 31 (1938): 70-90.
  • ———. “Three Theological Fragments.” Harvard Theological Review 36 (1943): 165-67.
  • Santos Otero, Aurelio de. Pages 43-51 in Die handschriftliche Uberlieferung der altslavischen Apokryphen. PTS. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1978.
  • Schaff, Philip, and Henry Wace, eds. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Second Series. 1890. Repr., Peabody, Ma..: Hendrickson Publishers, 1993.
  • Scheider, Horst. “Thekla und die Robben,” Vigiliae christianae 55.1 (2001): 45-57.
  • Schlau, Carl. Die Acten des Paulus und die ältere Thekla-Legende: Ein Beitrag zur christlichen Literaturgeschichte. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1877.
  • Schmeling, Gareth L. “Myths of Person and Place: The Search for a Model for the Ancient Greek Novel.” Pages 425-43 in The Ancient Novel and Beyond. Edited by Stelios Panayotakis, Maaike Zimmerman, and Wytse Keulen. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
  • ———. The Novel in the Ancient World. Rev. ed. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
  • Schmidt, Carl. “Acta Pauli.” Forschungen und Fortschritte 28 (1936): 352-4.
  • ———. “Ein Berliner Fragment der alten Pr£xeij PaÚlou.” Sitzungsberichte der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (19 Feb. 1931): 37-40.
  • ———. Kanonische und Apokryphe Evangelien und Apostelgeschichten. Heinrich Majer, 1944.
  • ———. “Neue Funde zu den alten Pr£xeij PaÚlou.” Sitzungsberichte der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (28 Feb. 1929): 176-83.
  • ———. “eine neues Fragment der Heidelberger Acta Pauli.” Sitzungsberichte der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (4 Feb. 1909): 216-20.
  • Schneemelcher, Wilhelm. “Der getaufte Löwe in den Acta Pauli.” Pages 223-49 in Gesammelte Aufsätze zum Neuen Testament und zur Patristik. Edited by W. Bienert and K. Schäferdiek. Thessaloniki: Patriarchal Institute for Patristic Studies, 1974.
  • ———. “Paulus in der griechischen Kirche des zweiten Jahrhunderts.” Pages 154-81 in Gesammelte Aufsätze zum Neuen Testament und zur Patristik. Edited by W. Bienert and K. Schäferdiek. Thessaloniki: Patriarchal Institute for Patristic Studies, 1974.
  • ———. “Die Apostelgeschichte des Lukas und die Acta Pauli.” Pages 204-22 in Gesammelte Aufsätze zum Neuen Testament und zur Patristik. Edited by W. Bienert and K. Schäferdiek. Thessaloniki: Patriarchal Institute for Patristic Studies, 1974.
  • ———. “Die Acta Pauli-Neue Funde und neue Aufgaben.” Pages 182-203 in Gesammelte Aufsätze zum Neuen Testament und zur Patristik. Edited by W. Bienert and K. Schäferdiek. Thessaloniki: Patriarchal Institute for Patristic Studies, 1974.
  • ———. Gesammelte Aufsätze zum Neuen Testament und zur Patristik. Edited by W. Bienert and K. Schäferdiek. Thessaloniki: Patriarchal Institute for Patristic Studies, 1974.
  • Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. “Apocalyptic and Gnosis in the Book of Revelation and Paul.” Journal of Biblical Literature 92 (1973): 565-81.
  • Seim, Turid Karlsen. The Double Message: Patterns of Gender in Luke and Acts. Nashville: Abingdon, 1994.
  • Sellew, Philip. “Paul, Acts Of.” Pages 202-03 in vol. 5 of the Anchor Bible Dictionary. New York and London: Doubleday. 1992.
  • Smith, Dennis E. From Symposium to Eucharist: The Banquet in the Early Christian World. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003.
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir, Greek Grammar. Revised by Gordon M. Messing. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1920.
  • Söder, Rosa. Die apokryphen Apostelgeschichten und die romanhafte Literatur der Antike. Würzburger Studien zur Altertumswissenschaft 3. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1932.
  • Souter, Alexander. “Acta Pauli, etc. in Tertullian.” Journal of Theological Studies 25 (1924): 292.
  • Spittler, Janet Elizabeth. Animals in the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. WUNT 2.247; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008.
  • Spittler, R. P. “Testament of Job.” The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. Edited by James H. Charlesworth. 2 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1983.
  • Stegemann, Ekkehard W. and Wolfgang Stegemann. The Jesus Movement: A Social History of the First Century. Translated by O. C. Dean Jr. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1999.
  • Stephens, Susan A. “87. Fragment of Acta Pauli?” Pages 3-7 in Yale Papyri in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library II. American Studies in Papyrology 24. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1985.
  • ———. “Who Read Ancient Novels?” in Pages 405-17 in The Novel in the Ancient World. Edited by Gareth L. Schmeling. Rev. ed. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
  • Stoops, Robert F. Jr. “Apostolic Apocrypha: Where Do We Stand with Schneemelcher’s Fifth Edition?” Pages 634-41 in SBL Seminar Papers, 1993. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993.
  • ———.”Peter, Paul, and Priority in the Apocryphal Acts.” Pages 225-33 in SBL Seminar Papers, 1992. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992.
  • Stowers, Stanley K. “Comment: What Does Unpauline Mean?” Pages 70-77 in Paul and the Legacies of Paul. Edited by William S. Babcock. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1990.
  • Streete, Gail P. C. “Buying the Stairway to Heaven: Perpetua and Thecla as Early Christian Heroines.” Pages 186-205 in A Feminist Companion to the New Testament Apocrypha. Edited by Amy-Jill Levine with Maria Mayo Robbins. Feminist Companion to the New Testament and Early Christian Writings, 11. Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press, 2006.
  • Tajra, Harry W. The Martyrdom of St. Paul: Historical and Judicial Context, Traditions and Legends. Wissenchaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2.67. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1994.
  • Thompson, J. David. A Critical Concordance to the New Testament Acts: Acts of Paul. Edited by Watson E. Mills and David Noel Freedman. The Computer Bible 44.1-2. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, 2001.
  • Vetter, P. “Der apokryphe dritte Korintherbrief neu übersetzt und nach seiner Ent¬stehung untersucht.” Theologische Quartalschrift 72 (1890): 610-39.
  • ———. Der apokryphe dritte Korintherbrief. Tübingen: Universitätsfestschrift, 1894.
  • ———. “Eine rabbinische Quelle des apokryphen dritten Korintherbriefes.” Theologische Quartalschrift 4 (1895): 622-33.
  • Vielhauer, Ph. Geschichte der urchristlichen Literatur. Einleitung in das Neue Testament, die Apokryphen und die Apostolischen Väter. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1975.
  • Ville, G. La gladiature en Occident des origins à la mort de Domitien. Rome: Ecole française de Rome, 1981.
  • Vogt, A. “Panégyrique de St. Pierre; Panégyrique de St. Paul. Deux discours inédits de Nicétas de Paphlagonie, disciple de Photius.” Orientalia Christiana 23 (1931): 5-97.
  • Von Lemm, O. “Koptische apokryphe Apostelacten.” Mélanges Asiatiques 10 (1892): 354-81.
  • Vorster, Johannes N. “Construction of Culture Through the Construction of Person: The Construction of Thecla in the Acts of Thecla,” Pages 98-117 in A Feminist Companion to the New Testament Apocrypha. Edited by Amy-Jill Levine with Maria Mayo Robbins. Feminist Companion to the New Testament and Early Christian Writings, 11. Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press, 2006.
  • Wake, William, William Hone and Jeremiah Jones. The lost books of the Bible: being all the Gospels, Epistles, and other pieces now extant attributed in the first four centuries to Jesus Christ, His Apostles and their companions, not included by its compilers, in the Authorized New Testament, and the recently discovered Syriac mss. of Pilate’s letters to Tiberius, etc. New York: Alpha Publishing Co., 1926.
  • Walcot, Peter. “On Widows and Their Reputation in Antiquity.” Symbolae Osloenses 66 (1991): 5¬26.
  • Walker, Alexander, trans. Apocryphal Gospels, Acts, and Revelation. Edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. Ante-Nicene Christian Library 16. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1870.
  • Warns, Rüdiger. “Weitere Darstellungen der heiligen Thekla,” Pages 75-131 in. Studien zur frühchristilichen Kunst II. Edited by Guntram Koch. Studien zur spätantiken und frühchristlichen Kunst und Kultur des Orients. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1986.
  • Warren David H. “The Greek Language of the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: A Study of Style.” Pages 101-24 in The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: Harvard Divinity School Studies. Edited by François Bovon, Ann Graham Brock, and Christopher R. Matthews. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1999.
  • Wilson, Robert McLachlan. “Apokryphen II.” Pages 316-62 in vol. 3 of Theologische Realenzyklopädie. Edited by Gerhard Krause and Gerhard Müller. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1978.
  • Wright, William. Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: Edited from Syriac Manuscripts in the British Museum and Other Libraries. 1871. Repr., Amsterdam: Philo Press, 1968.
  • Wudel (Lipsett), Barbara Diane. “Seductions of Self-Control: Narrative Transformations in Hermas, Thecla, and Asenath.” Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina, 2005.
  • Zahn, Theodor. “Der apokryphe Briefwechsel zwischen Paulus und den Korinthern.” Pages 595-611 in vol. 2 of Geschichte des neutestamentlichen Kanons. Erlangen and Leipzig: A. Deichert, 1890. Repr., Hildesheim and New York: Georg Olms, 1975.
  • ———.Göttingische Gelehrte Anzeigen (1877): 1307.

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