Some have experienced the situation when reading the Bible that someone asks where to find a particular passage, and someone else will volunteer, “That’s on page 1123.” This is an absurdity, and often just a little joke, because most experienced Bible readers know that many versions, editions, and prints of the same editions differ in their pagination, and that it is proper when citing the Bible to use the primary sources reference, i.e., a convention of chapter and verse which is mostly the same in every modern edition and translation.
Violations of this principle of properly citing primary sources can cause confusion and consternation. If for example a scholar cites an English edition by page number instead of the primary source reference. It implies two unfortunate failures: (1) that the writer does not know the correct manner to cite primary sources; (2) that the scholar is unacquainted with the original text but depends wholly on a translation.
The question remains as to how to go about citing the Acts of Paul, since so many MS discoveries have increased our knowledge of the whole, adding new chapters as our knowledge increases. The answer, for now, is to consult Willy Rordorf (Greek), Pierre Cherix (Coptic) and Rudolphe Kasser (Coptic of Bodmer XLIX)“Actes de Paul”, in François Bovon and Pierre Geoltrain, eds., Écrits apocryphes chrétiens (Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, Saint Herblain: Gallimard, 1997). Rordorf divides the Acts of Paul into 14 acts. These are indicated by Roman numeral followed by a comma, and then the paragraph (e.g., III, 3 = Acts of Paul and Thecla 3; Acts of Paul IX, 10 = Ephesian episode, 10 paragraph). Now this may seem arbitrary. Why not use the numeration in Schneemelcher or Elliot? The answer is that Rordorf et al. are preparing a text of the Acts of Paul for CChrSA (Corpus Christianorum Series Apocryphorum, Brepols) and it will be the most complete and up-to-date text of all the available evidence. This edition has been long in coming but should imminently see the light of day. It is thus better to use this system, to which translations will eventually conform, than to use older translations like Schneemelcher, which are already out of date the moment “Actes de Paul” (in E.A.C. vol 1) was published in 1997.
Here is a complete list of episodes and their chief witnesses:
- I. Damascus: John Rylands Vellum
- II.Antioch (of Syria?) – Coptic Heidelberg Papyrus (PHeid)
- III. Iconium – PHeid, Greek miniscules
- IV. Antioch (of Pisidia?) – PHeid, Greek miniscules
- V. Myra – PHeid
- VI. Sidon – PHeid
- VII. Tyre – PHeid
- VIII. Jerusalem (?) – PHeid (Smyrna is also probable, cf. Life of Polycarp, in Lightfoot part 2, vol. 3
- IX. Ephesus – Hamburg Papyrus bil. 1 (PHamb); Coptic Bodmer Papyrus XLI
- X. Philippi (3 Corinthians) PHeid
- XI. Philippi – PHeid
- XII. Corinth – PHamb, PHeid
- XIII. Voyage to Italy – PHamb, other papyri, PHeid
- XIV. Martyrdom of Paul – PHamb, PHeid, miniscules, Coptic